Friendship was a merchant brig built in ScarboroughEngland, and launched in She is most notable for her transport of convicts as part of the Australian First Fleet. Due to problems manning her, her crew scuttled her in The first mention of Friendship in Lloyd's Registeringave her master's name as Fowler and her trade as St Petersburg to Lieth.
Friendship left Portsmouth on 13 May ; she was among the smallest of the transports. Her master was Francis Walton and her surgeon was Thomas Arndell. Some ten or twelve of the female convicts were particularly unruly, and promiscuous. Two of her female convicts had died on the journey, one before the brig's arrival in Rio, and one after transfer to Lady Penrhyn. The collection of the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich includes a commemorative coin featuring an image of Friendship and the inscription "Success to the Friendship.
Friendship left Port Jackson on 14 July in company with Alexander. On the way scurvy badly affected the crews of both ships. The owners took legal action against the Government for the loss of the ship, which took many years.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other ships with the same name, see Friendship ship. Project Gutenberg. Royal Museums Greenwich. Retrieved 18 December Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Use dmy dates from January Use British English from January Ship infoboxes without an image. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Deutsch Simple English Edit links. Scuttled in the Straits of Makassar in Full rigged ship.The Friendship was a convict transport ship in the First Fleet. The First Fleet carried convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony.
The ships left England in May and arrived in Australia in January, This was the start of European settlement of Australia. The Friendship was a ship of tons which had been built in Scarborough about The owners were paid at a rate of 10 shillings per ton per month until the ship returned to Deptford. They had to agree to keep the prisoners secure and in safe custody.
On her return trip with the Alexandermany of the sailors on the Friendship became sick with scurvy. There were not enough sailors fit enough to sail both ships. All the crew went on board the Alexanderand the Friendship was scuttled sunk off the coast of Borneo on October 28, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The First Fleet: the real story. Collingwood, Victoria: Black Inc.
List of convicts on the First Fleet
Australian Encyclopaedia. Angus and Robertson. Convict Stockade by History Australia. Retrieved This short article about transport can be made longer.Wonsan Air Festival Highlights, the First Air Show in North Korea
You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. This short article about history can be made longer. Category : First Fleet.
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Deutsch English Change links.Built in Scarborough inshe was a two-masted brig with a burthen of tons, making her the smallest of the convict ships. Prior to being taken up for the First Fleet she was employed in the coastal coal trade and the West India trade. All were from Scarborough. She set sail with the fleet from Portsmouth on 12 Maywith Francis Walton as master.
Aboard were 17 crew, 40 marines and their family members, 72 male and 21 female convicts. Marine Lieutenant Ralph Clark was aboard the Friendship and his diary gives us a vivid picture of life on the voyage.
He bitterly missed his wife Betsy Alicia, 'the most tender best and Beautifulest of her Sex', and their 'Beautiful little engaging Son' Ralph Stuart, writing:. Also aboard the Friendship was the convict Henry Kable also spelt Cablewhose death sentence for burglary had been commuted to transportation. He was accompanied by Susannah Holmes, convicted for stealing cash inand by their son Henry junior who had been born in gaol in Henry senior would go on to become chief constable, then a merchant, landowner and shipowner.
On 5 July, with the fleet caught in the doldrums in mid-Atlantic, water was rationed to three pints a day, but restored to two quarts on 18 July. After Friendship arrived at Cape Town on 13 October, provisions, including livestock, were taken on board. Elizabeth Barber was again in trouble on 20 October, when she and Elizabeth Dudgeon were put in leg irons for fighting.
The fleet left Cape Town on 12 November. On 25 November the Friendship joined the Scarboroughthe Alexander and HMS Supply to form a squadron of the fastest ships, which would go ahead and prepare the site of the settlement for the rest of the fleet.
Continuing at high speed — on 31 December Clark recorded that miles had been covered in the previous 24 hours — the Friendship arrived in Botany Bay on 19 January, the day after HMS Supply. It soon became clear to Governor Arthur Phillip that Botany Bay was unsuitable for a settlement, and the Friendship joined the rest of the fleet in sailing north to Port Jackson, arriving on 26 January. They sailed north as it was thought to be the wrong time of the year to sail via Van Diemen's Land.
The Borrowdale and the Prince o f Wales were soon separated from the fleet and eventually decided to return to England via Cape Horn, while the Friendship and the Alexander continued north. As they had been unable to obtain fresh provisions in New South Wales, all ships were soon wracked with scurvy. On 17 October the Friendship was caught among sandbanks in the Makassar Strait off the coast of Borneo; the crew managed to get her off but, with only five crewmen not disabled, it was decided to abandon her.
Her crew and stores were transferred to the Alexander and she was scuttled and sunk on 28 October. The exhausted crew of the Alexander finally reached Batavia on 18 November.
A coin depicting the Friendship is held by the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, and bears an engraving of the ship under sail and the words 'Success to the Friendship'.The First Fleet is the name given to the group of eleven ships carrying convictsthe first to do so, that left England in May and arrived in Australia in January The ships departed with an estimated convicts men and womenas well as officers, marines, their wives and children, and provisions and agricultural implements.
After 43 convicts had died during the eight-month trip, landed at Sydney Cove. Stonemason Ray Collins researched and then carved the names of all those who came out to Australia on the eleven ships in on tablets along the garden pathways.
The stories of those who arrived on the ships, their life, and first encounters with the Australian country are presented throughout the garden. No single definitive list of people who travelled on those ships exists; however, historians have pieced together as much data about these pioneers as possible.
In the late s, a simple software program with a database of convicts became available for Australian school students, both as a history and an information technology learning guide. An on-line version is now hosted by the University of Wollongong.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 13 April Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 28 January Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 31 July Archived from the original on 2 February Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 18 April Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 21 January Archived from the original on 31 January Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 20 April The Friendship was a convict transport ship in the First Fleet.
The First Fleet carried convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony. The ships left England in May and arrived in Australia in January, This was the start of European settlement of Australia. The Friendship was a ship of tons which had been built in Scarborough about The owners were paid at a rate of 10 shillings per ton per month until the ship returned to Deptford.
They had to agree to keep the prisoners secure and in safe custody. On her return trip with the Alexandermany of the sailors on the Friendship became sick with scurvy. There were not enough sailors fit enough to sail both ships. All the crew went on board the Alexanderand the Friendship was scuttled sunk off the coast of Borneo on October 28, You can also give immediate feedback in our ship Wiki Feedback Forum.
KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids. Jump to: navigationsearch. The First Fleet: the real story. Collingwood, Victoria: Black Inc.
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From England, the Fleet sailed southwest to Rio de Janeirothen east to Cape Town and via the Great Southern Ocean to Botany Bay Australiaover the period of Januarytaking to days from departure to final arrival. During the period January the fleet moved from Botany Bay to present-day Sydney. Convicts were originally transported to the Thirteen Colonies in North America, but after the American War of Independence ended inthe newly formed United States refused to accept further convicts.
The First Fleet was commanded by Captain Arthur Phillipwho was given instructions authorising him to make regulations and land grants in the colony. Ropes, crockeryagricultural equipment and a miscellany of other stores were needed. Items transported included tools, agricultural implements, seeds, spirits, medical supplies, bandages, surgical instruments, handcuffs, leg irons and a prefabricated wooden frame for the colony's first Government House.
Scale models of all the ships are on display at the Museum of Sydney. The models were built by ship makers Lynne and Laurie Hadley, after researching the original plans, drawings and British archives. Nine Sydney harbour ferries built in the mids are named after First Fleet vessels. The unused names are Lady Penrhyn and Prince of Wales.
The people of the fleet included seamen, marines and their families, government officials, and a large number of convicts, including women and children. All had been tried and convicted in Great Britain and almost all of them in England. However, many are known to have come to England from other parts of Great Britain and, especially, from Ireland; at least 14 are known to have come from the British colonies in North America; 12 are identified as black born in Britain, Africa, the West Indies, North America, India or a European country or its colony.
Further identifications are made on the basis of the surname, for example as typically an Irish name. The six convict transports each had a detachment of marines on board. Most of the families of the marines travelled aboard Prince of Wales.
There are at least eleven known manuscript Journals of the First Fleet in existence as well as some letters. The exact number of people directly associated with the First Fleet will likely never be established, as accounts of the event vary slightly.
A total of 1, people have been identified as embarking on the First Fleet inand 1, are believed to have landed at Sydney Cove in January In her biographical dictionary of the First Fleet, Mollie Gillen gives the following statistics:  : While the names of all crew members of Sirius and Supply are known, the six transports and three storeships may have carried as many as more seamen than have been identified — no complete musters have survived for these ships.Daily Zinc has Movement of 1.
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